The UPDATE STATISTICS command updates the statistics collected on a table, to improve query performance. This command collects a set of keys per region per column family that are equal byte distanced from each other. These collected keys are called guideposts and they act as hints/guides to improve the parallelization of queries on a given target region.
Statistics are also automatically collected during major compactions and region splits so manually running this command may not be necessary.
Phoenix breaks up queries into multiple scans and runs them in parallel to reduce latency. Parallelization in Phoenix is driven by the statistics related configuration parameters. Each chunk of data between guideposts will be run in parallel in a separate scan to improve query performance. The chunk size is determined by the GUIDE_POSTS_WIDTH table property (Phoenix 4.9 or above) or the global server-side phoenix.stats.guidepost.width parameter if the table property is not set. As the size of the chunks decrease, you’ll want to increase phoenix.query.queueSize as more work will be queued in that case. Note that at a minimum, separate scans will be run for each table region. Statistics in Phoenix provides a means of gaining intraregion parallelization. In addition to the guidepost width specification, the client-side phoenix.query.threadPoolSize and phoenix.query.queueSize parameters and the server-side hbase.regionserver.handler.count parameter have an impact on the amount of parallelization.
To update the statistics for a given table my_table, execute the following command:
UPDATE STATISTICS my_table
The above syntax would collect the statistics for the table my_table and all the index tables, views and view index tables associated with the table my_table.
The equivalent of the above syntax is
UPDATE STATISTICS my_table ALL
To collect the statistics on the index table alone
UPDATE STATISTICS my_table INDEX
To collect the statistics on the table alone
UPDATE STATISTICS my_table COLUMNS
To modify the guidepost width to 10MB for a table, execute the following command:
ALTER TABLE my_table SET GUIDE_POSTS_WIDTH = 10000000
To remove the guidepost width, set the property to null:
ALTER TABLE my_table SET GUIDE_POSTS_WIDTH = null
The configuration parameters controlling statistics collection include:
- A server-side parameter that specifies the number of bytes between guideposts. A smaller amount increases parallelization, but also increases the number of chunks which must be merged on the client side.
- The default value is 104857600 (100 MB).
- A server-side paramater that determines the frequency in milliseconds for which statistics will be refreshed from the statistics table and subsequently used by the client.
- The default value is 900000 (15 mins)
- A client-side parameter that determines the minimum amount of time in milliseconds that must pass before statistics may again be manually collected through another UPDATE STATISTICS call.
- The default value is phoenix.stats.updateFrequency divided by two (7.5 mins)
- An advanced server-side parameter that if true causes the current time on the server-side to be used as the timestamp of rows in the statistics table when background tasks such as compactions or splits occur. If false, then the max timestamp found while traversing the table over which statistics are being collected is used as the timestamp. Unless your client is controlling the timestamps while reading and writing data, this parameter should be left alone.
- The default value is true.